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Tk 15k Crore Govt Loan from Banks




Prior this year, the government refunded more than what it had borrowed from the banks. as of sudden, the government has raised borrowing from the banking sector. In the previous month, the government has taken a loan of Tk 13 thousand 481 crores from the banking sector.

According to the sources of Bangladesh Bank (BB), in late September, the government’s net debt from banks increased by 12 thousand 526 crores to 2 lakh 82 thousand 712 crores. A month ago at the end of August, the amount of this loan was 2 lakh 69 thousand 230 crores. That is, in one month the government took a loan from the bank of 13 thousand 418 crores.

But the government’s debt is now towards the central bank. Increased demand for loans from central banks rather than borrowing from commercial banks. In the 3 months of the current financial year, the government has taken a loan of Tk 16,833 crore from the central bank. At the same time, the government’s debt to commercial banks decreased by Tk 4,307 crore. As a result, the government’s net debt has increased by Tk 12,526 crore.

Regarding the increase in debt, the former caretaker government’s financial advisor economist AB Mirza Azizul Islam told that the government’s expenditure has increased. As the income is less than the expenditure, now they are borrowing from the bank to meet the demand for additional money. However, the amount of bank loans taken by the government in 3 months is not more than their target. So there is no reason to worry about this loan.

After reviewing the data of Bangladesh Bank, it was found that in the first 2 months of the current (2022-23) financial year, the government did not take debts from the banking sector but instead paid them. In the two months till last August, the government’s net debt from banks decreased by Tk 955 crore to Tk 2 lakh 69 thousand 230 crores. Although at the end of June, the amount was 2 lakh 70 thousand 185 crores.

The government is setting a target that the bank will take a bank loan of Tk 1 lakh 6 thousand 334 crore to meet the budget deficit of the current fiscal year 2022-23. This amount is 29 thousand 882 crores more than the target for the current financial year. In the budget of the previous financial year, the target was to borrow 76 thousand 452 crores from the banking system. It has set a target of taking a loan of 35 thousand crore takas from savings accounts in the current financial year.

According to the data of the National Savings Directorate, savings bonds worth Tk 14,538 crore have been deposited or sold in the first 2 months (July-August) of the current fiscal year 2022-23. Out of this, principal and profit have been paid to the tune of 14 thousand 136 crores. After paying the principal and profit of savings bonds, the government’s net debt in this sector stands at Tk 401 crore.

In the meantime, regardless the fall in foreign exchange reserves, the central bank increased dollar sales. Bangladesh Bank is selling dollars to banks at Tk 97. Last Thursday sold 13 million dollars to several banks. In total, the sales volume of the current financial year so far has stood at 4 billion dollars. Against this, as much as 38 thousand crore takas have come out of the market. Last financial year 762 million 17 million dollars were sold. Thus, as a result of the sale of dollars, the foreign exchange reserves, which rose above 48 billion dollars, fell to 36 billion dollars.

It is known that due to various reasons including the instability of the food and energy markets due to the impact of the Russia-Ukraine war, the government aimed more at cost reduction in the beginning. Hence, the 1st month of the financial year also saw good growth in revenue and foreign grants and loans increased. Due to the effect of these two, the government has taken fewer loans from the bank. But now some projects have started. Again, due to the effect of the Russia-Ukraine war, food and fuel prices have increased in the world market. As a result, the government has to spend more money on food and fuel imports than before. However, the rate at which the cost of money has increased, the income does not increase at that rate and the bank has to take a loan. So the government is leaning on bank loans.


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UN says: Extraordinary economic dev among BD’s many achievements




Greeting Bangladesh, the United Nations on Sunday (26th March) said Bangladesh has many accomplishments — extraordinary economic development, a significant cultural legacy, leadership on a global stage for climate-vulnerable countries, and immense generosity in welcoming and hosting nearly a million Rohingya refugees.

“The hospitality of Bangladesh’s diverse people is just one of the many facets of a country that my colleagues and I have been fortunate to experience every day,” UN Resident Coordinator in Bangladesh Gwyn Lewis said in a press statement on the occasion of the country’s Independence Day.

“On behalf of the United Nations, I warmly congratulate the people of Bangladesh on the 52nd anniversary of independence,” she said.

Over the last 52 years, Bangladesh has made impressive and remarkable achievements: evolving from a war-torn country to one of the leading economic powers in South Asia, standing at the threshold of upcoming graduation from least developed countries (LDCs) in 2026, and planned achievement of the sustainable development goals (SDG) by 2030, she said.

The UN fully supports Bangladesh’s commitments to economic and sustainable development and appreciates the strong and long-lasting relationship with Bangladesh and our shared values.

The constitution of the country, which was adopted even before Bangladesh had formally become a member of the United Nations in 1974, guarantees fundamental human rights. The right to freedom of speech, religion, movement and assembly, the right to speak one’s own language and other rights that are in line with the UN charter, said the UNRC.

“Wishing you all a Happy Independence Day!” — she concluded.

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PM Sheikh Hasina, President pays homage to Liberation War Martyrs




Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina & President M Abdul Hamid paid rich tributes to the Liberation War martyrs by placing wreaths at the National Memorial at Savar on the outskirts of Dhaka early on Sunday (26th March), marking the 53rd Independence and National Day.

The president first placed the wreath at the altar of the memorial followed by the prime minister.

After laying the wreaths, the president and the premier stood in solemn silence for some time as a mark of profound respect for the memories of the martyrs of the Great War of Liberation in 1971.

A smartly turned-out contingent drawn from Bangladesh Army, Navy and Air Force presented a state salute at that time while the bugles played the last post.

The head of the state and the head of the government also signed the visitors’ book kept on the memorial premises.

Flanked by her party leaders, Sheikh Hasina, also the president of the Awami League, paid glowing tributes to the Liberation War martyrs by placing another wreath at the National Memorial on behalf of her party.

Jatiya Sangsad Speaker Dr Shirin Sharmin Chaudhury, Chief Justice Hasan Foez Siddique, senior AL leaders, leaders of AL-led 14-party alliance and high civil and military officials, among others, were present there.

Later, the Jatiya Sangsad (parliament) speaker and the chief justice also paid homage to the martyrs by placing wreaths at the National Mausoleum.

Every year, March 26 brings the most tragic reminiscence of history’s blackest episode that heralded a nine-month bloody ordeal from the night of March 25, 1971, achieving the long-cherished independence on December 16 the same year at the cost of a sea of blood.

In the wake of the military crackdown by the then Pakistan occupation force, Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman proclaimed the independence of Bangladesh through the then EPR (East Pakistan Rifles) wireless at 00-30 hours on March 26 (the night following March 25) in 1971 at his historic Road-32 residence at Dhanmondi in Dhaka.

The day is very auspicious and precious to the Bengali nation.

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Bangladesh Observed Independence Day Today




The Independence Day of Bangladesh is celebrated on 26 March as a national holiday in Bangladesh. It commemorates the country’s declaration of independence from Pakistan in the early hours of 25 March 1971.

In the 1970 Pakistani general election, under the military government of President Yahya Khan, the largest political party Awami League, led by Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, won a clear majority in East Pakistan national seats as well as provincial assembly. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto conspired with Yahya Khan and changed their position, refusing to hand over power to Sheikh Mujib.

Negotiations began between the two sides, however, the ruling West Pakistani leadership did not trust Sheikh Mujib, due to instances such as the Agartala conspiracy case. When it became evident that the promises made by the West Pakistan government were not going to be kept, many East Pakistani Bangla-speaking Muslims and Hindus began a spirited struggle for independence.

On 7 March 1971, Sheikh Mujib gave his famous speech at the Ramna Racecourse, in which he called for a non-cooperation movement.

Authorities, mostly West Pakistani personnel, rounded up Bengali armed forces officers, NCOs, and enlisted personnel. Forced disappearances went rampant. On the evening of 25 March, in an interview with David Frost, Sheikh Mujib still called out openly for negotiation and a united Pakistan. That night the Pakistan Army began Operation Searchlight, conclusively signalling West Pakistan was not ready for a transfer of political power to the Awami League led by Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.[4]

The Independence of Bangladesh was declared on 26 March 1971 at the first watch by Sheikh Mujibur Rahman . Another declaration was read out on 27 March 1971, by Major Ziaur Rahman, on behalf of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. Major Zia (who was also a BDF Sector Commander of Sector 1 and later of Sector 11) raised an independent Z Force brigade, Chittagong and the guerilla struggle officially began.

The people of Bangladesh then took part in a nine-month guerilla war against the Pakistan Army and their collaborators, including paramilitary Razakars. This resulted in the death of about 3 million Bangladeshi, as per Awami league and Indian sources, in the Bangladesh War of Independence and Bangladesh Genocide. The BDF, later with military support from India, defeated the Pakistan Army on 16 December 1971, leading to the end of the war and the Surrender of Pakistan.

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