Charles III Crowned at Westminster Abbey in Ancient Rite
King Charles III was officially crowned on Saturday in a time-honored ceremony held at Westminster Abbey, where he received the majestic St. Edward’s Crown.
This significant event took place amidst efforts by the monarchy to maintain relevance in a modern and divided Britain. With over 2,000 guests, including world leaders, aristocrats, and celebrities, the atmosphere inside the medieval abbey was filled with fanfare, as trumpets resounded and the congregation enthusiastically exclaimed, “God save the king!” Meanwhile, outside the abbey, thousands of troops, numerous spectators, and a handful of protesters gathered, creating a vibrant backdrop. For Charles, this momentous occasion marked the culmination of a journey spanning seven decades from heir to monarch.
Both the royal family and the government regarded the coronation, code-named Operation Golden Orb, as an extraordinary display of heritage, tradition, and spectacle that is unparalleled globally. The ceremony was expected to be watched by millions, yet the awe and reverence it once evoked have diminished over time, leading some to greet the day with indifference. In fact, a group of Republican protesters gathered outside, shouting “Not my king,” expressing their disdain for an institution they perceive as representing privilege and inequality in a nation grappling with deepening poverty and social fragmentation. A few individuals were even arrested.
Despite this backdrop, thousands of people from across the United Kingdom and around the world eagerly awaited the king’s arrival at Westminster Abbey. They had camped overnight along the 1.3-mile route that Charles and his wife, Camilla, traversed in a grand horse-drawn carriage adorned with gilt trim. The church itself buzzed with excitement, adorned with fragrant flowers and vibrant hats, as international dignitaries and nobles joined the congregation. Notable figures in attendance included U.S. First Lady Jill Biden, French President Emmanuel Macron, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, eight current and former British prime ministers, and renowned celebrities like Judi Dench, Emma Thompson, and Lionel Richie.
The traditional Anglican service, slightly modified to reflect modern times, commenced with Charles, attired in crimson and cream robes, solemnly swearing on a Bible as a “true Protestant.” However, a preface was added to the coronation oath, affirming the Church of England’s commitment to fostering an environment where people of all faiths and beliefs can live freely. Notably, the epistle from the King James Bible was read by Prime Minister Rishi Sunak, Britain’s first Hindu leader. A gospel choir delivered a newly composed “Alleluia,” and for the first time in history, female clergy participated in the ceremony. Additionally, representatives from Buddhist, Hindu, Jewish, Muslim, and Sikh faiths were included.
In a captivating display of royal authority rooted in antiquity, Charles received anointing with oil from the Mount of Olives in the Holy Land, along with the presentation of an orb, swords, and scepters. Finally, Archbishop of Canterbury Justin Welby placed the solid gold crown, adorned with over 400 precious stones, atop the monarch’s head, accompanied by resounding trumpets and nationwide gun salutes.
For over a millennium, British monarchs have been crowned in grandiose ceremonies, symbolizing their legitimate right to rule. Charles becomes the 40th sovereign to be crowned in Westminster Abbey, and at the age of 74, he is the oldest monarch to ascend the throne. In contemporary times, the king no longer holds executive or political power, rendering the ceremony purely ceremonial. Charles automatically became king following the death of his mother, Queen Elizabeth II, in September. Nevertheless, the king retains his role as the United Kingdom’s head of state, representing national identity. In an era when support for the monarchy is waning, particularly among younger generations.
Nonetheless, Charles has endeavored to lead a more streamlined and cost-effective monarchy for the 21st century. His coronation was comparatively shorter than Elizabeth’s three-hour ceremony, featuring fewer guests and a condensed procession. Nevertheless, attendees were treated to a visual spectacle that included judges donning wigs, soldiers adorned with gleaming medals on their red tunics, members of the House of Lords, international royalty, heads of state, public servants, key workers, and local heroes.
In a noteworthy display of unity, the famously feuding royal family presented a show of solidarity. Prince William, the heir to the throne, attended alongside his wife, Kate, and their three children. Prince Harry, William’s younger brother who has publicly clashed with the family, arrived unaccompanied, while his wife Meghan and their children remained in California.
Towards the conclusion of the ceremony, Prince William knelt before his father, King Charles III, pledging loyalty and affection by kissing him on the cheek. Archbishop of Canterbury Justin Welby then invited everyone present in the abbey to pledge “true allegiance” to the monarch. While this moment was also extended to the television audience, it was toned down after facing criticism for being perceived as a somewhat insensitive request for a public oath of allegiance to Charles.
The contemporary audience differs significantly from those who witnessed Elizabeth’s coronation. Today, nearly 20% of the population comprises ethnic minority groups, a significant increase compared to less than 1% in the 1950s. The presence of over 300 languages spoken in British schools and less than half the population identifying as Christian further exemplifies the diverse composition of the country. Nonetheless, people from around the world and across Britain flocked to the occasion, driven by a desire to be part of this historic event.
Jill Coughlin, a devoted royal supporter from Essex, expressed her enthusiasm, stating, “It’s a joyous experience to be surrounded by love and witness the ascension of our King Charles. He represents stability and continuity for us, building upon the legacy of our beloved queen. It’s a truly wonderful moment for all of us.”
PM Sheikh Hasina to partake World of Work Summit in Switzerland this June
Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina is expected to embark on a visit to Switzerland in June to attend the “World of Work Summit: Social Justice for All” in Geneva on June 14-15. The summit serves as a significant platform for global leaders to address the pressing need for enhanced, coordinated, and coherent efforts in promoting social justice.
During the summit, discussions will revolve around the proposal to establish a Global Coalition for Social Justice, which received a positive response from the International Labour Office’s Governing Body at its 347th Session. Should the plans be finalized, Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina will undertake her visit to Geneva from June 13 to 16, as confirmed by a diplomatic source.
A distinguished lineup of attendees, including French President François Hollande, Panamanian President Juan Carlos Varela, Nobel Peace Prize laureate Kailash Satyarthi, and representatives from employers’ and workers’ organizations, will address the conference. Over the course of two days, the summit aims to emphasize the crucial role of social justice in fostering a more sustainable and equitable world. Additionally, strategies for enhanced collaboration and cohesive action to advance social justice and ensure policy coherence will be explored.
The summit will provide participants with a platform to share their vision and priorities concerning social justice, as well as showcase the actions they have taken and commit to taking to promote social justice. Furthermore, the outcomes of the summit are expected to inform discussions in other multilateral forums regarding the significance and strategies for achieving greater social justice. These forums include the Sustainable Development Goals Summit, the G20 Summit, and the summits of the BRICS countries, all scheduled to take place in 2023.
Prominent figures such as heads of state and government, the United Nations Secretary-General, the Director-General of the International Labour Organization (ILO), and high-level representatives from employers’ and workers’ organizations will deliver addresses during the summit. Additionally, four panel discussions will bring together governmental representatives, employers’ and workers’ organizations, UN entities, and other international organizations to identify and amplify actions aimed at promoting social justice across the multilateral system. The objective is to commit to a joint, coherent, and coordinated engagement on this crucial issue.
Finance Minister to Present National Budget of Tk 7.61 Lakh Crore in Parliament Today
Finance Minister AHM Mustafa Kamal is preparing to present the largest-ever national budget of Tk7.61 lakh crore for the fiscal year 2023-24. This will be the fifth consecutive budget presented by the finance minister and the final one for the current Awami League government.
The budget aims to drive the country’s economic growth in line with Bangladesh’s graduation from the Least Developed Country (LDC) status and fulfill the conditions set by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) for a $4.7 billion loan.
While the government has attempted to strike a balance between revenue collection, public expenditure, and austerity measures, experts and budget officials predict an increase in the government’s reliance on foreign loans due to a revenue shortfall. The finance ministry projects a revenue collection target of Tk5 lakh crore, with a deficit of Tk2.61 lakh crore for FY24. Of this, Tk1.02 lakh crore will be borrowed from external sources, and Tk1.55 crore will be sourced domestically.
The finance minister expects to obtain Tk1.32 lakh crore from the banking system, Tk18,000 crore from savings certificates, and Tk23,000 crore from non-bank sources. The government’s operating expenditure is anticipated to be set at Tk4.75 lakh crore, with a total development cost of Tk2.77 lakh crore.
Economists and analysts have cautioned that the next fiscal year’s budget may face exceptional challenges due to the ongoing Russia-Ukraine conflict and its adverse impact on the global economy, which also affects the domestic economy.
The finance minister has allocated Tk2.77 lakh crore for development spending in the upcoming fiscal year. Domestic interest payments will amount to Tk82,000 crore, while interest on foreign loans will reach Tk12,376 crore. Capital expenditure is expected to be Tk39,000 crore, with Tk502 crore allocated for the food sector and Tk8,402 crore designated for loans and advances.
For the financing of the annual development program (ADP), the 2023-24 budget has allocated Tk2.63 lakh crore, along with Tk7,986 crore for non-ADP special projects, Tk2,828 crore for non-ADP food-for-works recipes and transfers, and Tk3,768 crore for schemes not included in the ADP but financed from own source revenue.
In terms of revenue generation, the government aims to generate Tk5 lakh crore, with Tk4.5 lakh crore coming from tax revenue and Tk50,000 crore from non-tax revenue. The National Board of Revenue (NBR) has been tasked with collecting Tk4.3 lakh crore, while non-NBR taxes are targeted at Tk20,000 crore. The government estimates that Tk3,900 crore will be received as foreign grants.
Global Parrot Day Today
Parrots, with their vibrant plumage and charismatic personalities, have captivated humans for centuries. These intelligent and social birds play a crucial role in the ecosystems they inhabit. To recognize and raise awareness about the conservation of these fascinating creatures, Global Parrot Day is celebrated worldwide on 31st May. This day serves as a reminder of the importance of preserving parrot populations and their habitats.
Introduction to Global Parrot Day
Global Parrot Day is an annual event celebrated on 31st May. It aims to highlight the diversity and conservation status of parrots, as well as the need to protect their habitats. This day encourages individuals, organizations, and communities to come together and take action for the well-being of these magnificent birds.
The Importance of Parrots in the Ecosystem
Parrots fulfill essential ecological roles, making them keystone species in many habitats. Their contributions include:
Parrots as Seed Dispersers: Parrots have a unique ability to consume various fruits and seeds, and their strong beaks enable them to break through tough exteriors. After digesting the fruit, parrots excrete the undigested seeds in different locations, aiding in seed dispersal and promoting the growth of diverse plant species.
Parrots as Pollinators: Some parrot species, such as the Sun Conure and the Eclectus Parrot, play a vital role in pollination. As parrots feed on nectar-rich flowers, pollen attaches to their feathers, facilitating cross-pollination between plants.
Parrots as Indicators of Ecosystem Health: Parrots are excellent indicators of the overall health of their ecosystems. Their decline or absence can signify environmental imbalances, such as habitat degradation, pollution, or the presence of invasive species.
Threats to Parrot Populations
Despite their ecological significance, parrot populations face numerous threats that jeopardize their survival:
Habitat Loss and Deforestation: Deforestation, primarily driven by human activities such as logging and agriculture, has resulted in the destruction of vast tracts of parrot habitats. The loss of nesting sites and food sources poses a severe threat to these birds.
Illegal Wildlife Trade: Parrots are highly sought after in the illegal wildlife trade due to their vibrant feathers and ability to mimic human speech. Capture and transportation for the pet trade cause immense stress and mortality among parrots, further impacting their populations.
Climate Change: Rising temperatures, altered precipitation patterns, and habitat disruption due to climate change pose significant challenges for parrots. These changes affect food availability, alter migration patterns, and contribute to the spread of diseases.
Conservation Efforts for Parrots
To safeguard parrot populations and their habitats, several conservation initiatives are underway:
Protected Areas and Sanctuaries: Establishing protected areas and sanctuaries helps conserve critical habitats for parrots. These designated areas provide a safe haven for parrot populations, allowing them to breed, forage, and fulfill their ecological roles.
Breeding and Release Programs: Many conservation organizations run breeding and release programs to bolster parrot populations. These initiatives involve captive breeding, where parrots are bred in controlled environments and then reintroduced into the wild to boost numbers and genetic diversity.
Community Engagement and Education: Engaging local communities and raising awareness about the importance of parrots and their habitats is crucial. Conservation organizations work closely with communities to develop sustainable practices and foster appreciation for parrots, ensuring long-term conservation efforts.
Celebrating Global Parrot Day
Global Parrot Day provides an opportunity to actively participate in the conservation of these magnificent birds:
Awareness Campaigns and Events: Numerous events and awareness campaigns are organized on Global Parrot Day. These initiatives aim to educate the public about parrot conservation, promote responsible pet ownership, and raise funds for conservation projects.
Volunteering and Donating: Individuals can contribute their time and skills by volunteering at parrot rescue centers, sanctuaries, or participating in habitat restoration projects. Additionally, donating to reputable parrot conservation organizations helps fund vital research and conservation efforts.
Supporting Parrot Conservation Organizations: By supporting parrot conservation organizations, individuals can aid in the protection of parrot habitats, rescue injured birds, and contribute to community engagement initiatives. Every contribution plays a crucial role in safeguarding these remarkable creatures.
Read More: Global Meditation Day Today
Global Parrot Day serves as a reminder of the importance of preserving parrot populations and their habitats. Parrots are not only beautiful and intelligent creatures but also play significant roles in maintaining the balance of ecosystems. By recognizing the threats they face and actively participating in their conservation, we can ensure a brighter future for parrots and the ecosystems they inhabit.
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