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US Apparel Brands Urge PM Sheikh Hasina for Fair Minimum Wage Review

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Several prominent apparel brands from the United States have called upon Bangladesh’s Prime Minister, Sheikh Hasina, to play a pivotal role in ensuring a transparent minimum wage review process that includes input from all relevant parties.

On October 13, 15 major American brands jointly issued a letter to the prime minister, urging a successful resolution of ongoing negotiations within the minimum wage review framework. They emphasized the importance of incorporating the perspectives of all stakeholders and reflecting the genuine economic circumstances in Bangladesh.

The 15 brands that penned this letter include Adidas, Gap Inc, Under Armour, Patagonia, Burton, Hugo Boss, Abercrombie & Fitch, Amer Sports, AEO Inc, Levi Strauss & Co, lululemon, SanMar, KMD Brands, PVH Corp, and Puma. The American Apparel & Footwear Association (AAFA) also published this letter on its website.

The letter acknowledges the critical role Bangladesh plays as the world’s third-largest supplier of garments and an increasingly important source of footwear and travel goods. The brands praised Bangladesh’s commendable sustainability efforts in these sectors, which have garnered well-deserved recognition, emphasizing the value of this crucial partnership.

The brands’ letter underscores three key points for consideration during minimum wage consultations:

– Inclusivity: It calls for consultations to involve all relevant stakeholders, including constructive dialogue with labor groups and trade unions.

– Living Wage: The consultations should aim to establish a minimum wage that aligns with the basic needs of workers, offering some discretionary income while considering inflationary pressures.

– Annual Review Mechanism: The letter highlights that the average monthly net wages for garment workers in Bangladesh have remained unchanged since 2019, despite significant inflation during that period. Therefore, it encourages the adoption of an annual minimum wage review mechanism to account for changing macroeconomic factors.

The brands’ message emphasizes the government’s role in fostering an environment that respects workers’ collective bargaining rights and safeguards their participation in the nation’s development. It underscores the importance of preventing retaliation against participants in minimum wage reviews, promoting an atmosphere of open dialogue and inclusivity.

The letter recognizes the responsibility of apparel brands and retailers sourcing from Bangladesh in facilitating these recommendations through responsible purchasing practices.

The brands express optimism that the final increased minimum wage will significantly improve worker welfare by accurately reflecting the economic challenges faced by garment workers during the pandemic, the ensuing supply chain disruptions, and the current inflation rate.

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UK inflation holds at 2% in June: official data

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Britain’s inflation rate held steady in June after returning to the Bank of England’s target the previous month, official data showed Wednesday, confounding expectations for another modest slowdown.

The Consumer Prices Index was unchanged at 2.0 percent in June from the same level in May, the Office for National Statistics said in a statement, compared with market forecasts of 1.9 percent.

“Hotel prices rose strongly, while second-hand car costs fell but by less than this time last year,” said ONS chief executive Grant Fitzner.
“However, these were offset by falling clothing prices, with widespread sales driving down their cost.

“Meanwhile, the cost of both raw materials and goods leaving factories fell on the month, though factory gate prices remain above where they were a year ago.”

Analysts said the data could cause the Bank of England to sit tight for a while longer before starting to cut interest rates.

“The chances of an interest rate cut in August have diminished a bit more,” said Paul Dales, chief UK economist at research consultancy Capital Economics.

Last month, the BoE kept its key interest rate at a 16-year high of 5.25 percent, despite slowing inflation in May.

Britain’s newly elected Labour government welcomed news that inflation remained at the BoE’s target level.

“It is welcome that inflation is at target,” said Darren Jones, Chief Secretary to the Treasury, in a statement.

“But we know that for families across Britain prices remain high… (which) is why this government is taking the tough decisions now to fix the foundations” of the UK economy, he said.

Labour, led by new Prime Minister Keir Starmer, has pledged immediate action to grow the economy after the centre-left party won a landslide general election victory to end 14 years of Conservative rule.

Later on Wednesday, King Charles III will read out Labour’s first programme for government in a decade and a half, when the UK parliament formally reopens following the July 4 election.
Elevated interest rates have worsened a UK cost-of-living squeeze because they increase borrowing repayments, thereby cutting disposable incomes and crimping economic activity.

The BoE began a series of rate hikes in late 2021 to combat inflation, which rose after countries emerged from Covid lockdowns and accelerated after the invasion of Ukraine by key oil and gas producer Russia.

 

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China’s economy grew less than expected in second quarter: official data

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China’s economy grew 4.7 percent year-on-year in the second quarter of 2024, official data showed Monday, less than analysts had expected.

“By quarter, the GDP for the first quarter increased by 5.3 percent year on year and for the second quarter 4.7 percent,” Beijing’s National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) said in a statement.

The figures were much lower than the 5.1 percent predicted by analysts polled by Bloomberg.

Retail sales — a key gauge of consumption — also slowed to just two percent in June, the NBS said, down from 3.7 percent in May.

The world’s second-largest economy is grappling with a real estate debt crisis, weakening consumption, an ageing population and trade tensions with Western rivals.

Top officials are meeting in Beijing on Monday for a key plenum, with all eyes on how they might kickstart lacklustre growth.

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Concerns Mount Over Revenue Loss as South Asia’s Largest Land Port Curtails Operations

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Bangladeshi officials are grappling with fears of revenue loss as the largest land port in South Asia, situated along the India-Bangladesh border, has ceased operations for 10 hours each day since July 11.

The Petrapole Land Port in India, crucial for trade between the two nations, has been shutting down from 6 PM to 8 AM daily, without providing any explanation for the closure, according to officials from the Benapole Land Authority in Bangladesh. This unexpected halt has left Bangladeshi authorities and traders in a state of uncertainty, as there is no indication of when the operations might resume to normalcy.

Industry insiders warn that this disruption could lead to a significant revenue shortfall at Benapole port due to decreased imports, adversely affecting Bangladeshi importers with delayed product deliveries.

Rezaul Karim, Director of Traffic at Benapole Land Port Authority, emphasized that while Benapole has been maintaining 24-hour operations, Petrapole’s recent restrictions are hindering cargo truck movements after evening.

“We have inquired with the Petrapole port authority about the reasons for halting trade services after evening. They responded that the matter is under discussion with relevant authorities,” Karim said.

Sultan Mahmud Bipul, Secretary of Benapole C&F Agent Association International Checkpost Affairs, highlighted the fiscal implications of this disruption. “Benapole port has set a revenue target of Tk6,705 crore from imported goods for the fiscal year 2024-25. If the 24-hour import facility remains discontinued, it will severely impact our revenue targets,” he noted.

Ziaur Rahman, General Secretary of Benapole Landport Importers and Exporters Association, pointed out the severe impact on trade, particularly with perishable goods. “Traders dealing with perishable food products are incurring the biggest losses due to this halt. The inability of goods trucks to enter after evening will widen the trade deficit,” Rahman remarked.

As the situation unfolds, the Benapole Land Port Authority and associated trade bodies continue to seek clarity and resolution from their Indian counterparts to mitigate the economic repercussions of this operational disruption.

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